Evolutionary psychiatrists and psychologists suggest that some mental disorders likely have multiple causes. A recent series of article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) discusses the role of evolutionary biology in modern medicine. ", "Uric acid provides an antioxidant defense in humans against oxidant- and radical-caused aging and cancer: a hypothesis", "Evaluation of iron deficiency as a nutritional adaptation to infectious disease: an evolutionary medicine perspective", "Paleolithic nutrition revisited: a twelve-year retrospective on its nature and implications", "19.

The proximate explanation for a disease describes what is wrong in the bodily mechanism of individuals affected by it. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. or login to access all content. It discusses the theory of evolution by natural selection, the genetic basis of evolutionary change, evolutionary life history theory, developmental plasticity, and host-pat ... More. It seeks explanations for diseases, or their symptoms, signs, and cause in single, materialistic— i.e., anatomical or structural (e.g., in genes and their products)— changes within the body, wrought directly (linearly), for example, by infectious, toxic, or traumatic agents. All evolutionary processes, including natural selection. George C. Williams was the first to apply evolutionary theory to health in the context of senescence. [15]), In contrast to the diet of early hunter-gatherers, the modern Western diet often contains high quantities of fat, salt, and simple carbohydrates, such as refined sugars and flours. It is based upon a number of basic sciences, and one of those basic sciences is evolution. (2007) "Emerging concepts for the pathogenesis of chronic disabling inflammatory diseases: neuroendocrine-immune interactions and evolutionary biology" In: Ader, R. (2007) "Psychoneuroimmunology", Volume 1, Academic Press, San Diego, pp.217-232, Bogin, B. Why do we all have wisdom teeth, an appendix, and cells that can divide out of control?[76]. Evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how the diseases that affected our evolutionary ancestors have shaped our biology. It incorporates the latest research in rapidly developing fields such as epigenetics and study of the human microbiome. Other constraints occur as the byproduct of adaptive innovations. Stone-age humans evolved to live off the land, taking advantage of the resources that were readily available to them. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.

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