Although the Democratic Party is very successful statewide, the state has had Republican governors; from 1994 to 2002, Christine Todd Whitman won twice with 47% and 49% of the votes, respectively, and in the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie defeated incumbent Democrat Jon Corzine with 48% of the vote. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with New Jersey highlighted, New York minor league teams that play in New Jersey, National Parks, Monuments, Reserves, and Trails. Rutgers' satellite campuses in Camden and Newark each field their own athletic programs—the Rutgers–Camden Scarlet Raptors and the Rutgers–Newark Scarlet Raiders—which both compete in NCAA Division III. While the team had mostly losing records in Kansas City, Denver, and its first years in New Jersey, the Devils began to improve in the late 1980s and early 1990s under Hall of Fame president and general manager Lou Lamoriello. New Jersey was governed very briefly as two distinct provinces, East and West Jersey, for 28 years between 1674 and 1702, at times part of the Province of New York or Dominion of New England. Spring and autumn may feature wide temperature variations, with lower humidity than summer. Coordinates: 40°11′27″N 74°40′22″W / 40.1907°N 74.6728°W / 40.1907; -74.6728 (State of New Jersey), This article is about the State of New Jersey. D'une superficie de 20 168 km2, le New Jersey était peuplé de 8 414 350 habitants au recensement de 2000. Statue Cruises offers service from Liberty State Park to the Statue of Liberty National Monument, including Ellis Island. Le Bureau de la gestion et du budget a également défini deux aires métropolitaines combinées dans ou en partie dans l'État du New Jersey. [24] As agriculture became a less reliable source of income for New Jerseyans, many began turning towards more industrialized methods. The state was named for the island of Jersey in the English Channel. Judge Lewis Morris led the case for a separate governor, and was appointed governor by King George II in 1738. New Jersey high schools are divided into divisions under the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association (NJSIAA). [246] Corzine also signed a bill that would downgrade the Death Row prisoners' sentences from "Death" to "Life in Prison with No Parole".[247]. The city became an important site for mills and other industries. James J. Finn was a lieutenant who attempted to capture the kidnapper while he was passing off ransom bills. The first Miss America Pageant was held in 1921 in Atlantic City, the Holland Tunnel connecting Jersey City to Manhattan opened in 1927, and the first drive-in movie was shown in 1933 in Camden. This was the first port in the world to containerize due to the innovation of Malcolm McLean and the founding of the Sea-Land Corporation. See if your knowledge of names is nimble—or numb—in this quiz of states and cities. (In New Jersey, the factions of the Democratic party managed an effective coalition in 1860.) Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? They manufactured many necessities, including clothing and war materials like ammunition. These include bans on assault firearms, hollow-nose bullets and slingshots. New Jersey was completely divided into counties by 1692; the present counties were created by dividing the existing ones; most recently Union County in 1857. Many bridges and tunnels were built for the ease of interstate traveling. The airfield, currently known as McGuire Air Force Base, was opened in 1937 as Rudd Field, a supporting Army airfield for Fort Dix. The constitution provided suffrage only to white males, removing it from all women and from people of other races. Five major battles were fought at Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, Union and Springfield. [45], In 1973, the New Jersey Supreme Court ordered the legislature to pass a statute funding schools more equitably for impoverished areas. Amtrak operates numerous long-distance passenger trains in New Jersey, both to and from neighboring states and around the country. [136] Its per capita income was the third highest in the nation with $51,358. New Jersey has one of the highest tax burdens in the nation. New Jersey has the third highest Asian Indian population of any state by absolute numbers and the highest by percentage,[83][84][85][86] with Bergen County home to America's largest Malayali community. « Nouvelle- Jersey », est un État du Nord-Est des États-Unis, bordé à l'ouest par la Pennsylvanie et le Delaware, au nord par l' État de New York, et au sud-est par l' océan Atlantique. By 1974, the missile sites were deactivated. Locomotion was also improved; Hoboken-born inventor John Stevens built a 10-ton locomotive and his son Robert L. Stevens started constructing iron railroads. Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Newark, the fifth-largest cathedral in North America, is the seat of the city's Roman Catholic Archdiocese. La constitution de 1947 acte de la séparation des pouvoirs au sein de l'État. [71], In 2010, unauthorized immigrants constituted an estimated 6.2% of the population. With a total of fifteen travel and six shoulder lanes, the Driscoll Bridge on the Parkway, spanning the Raritan River in Middlesex County, is the widest motor vehicle bridge in the world by number of lanes as well as one of the busiest.[232]. Standard Oil Company was split into 34 smaller companies as a result of the dissolution. The Jersey Shore became extremely popular as an attraction. See. The Swedish and Finnish colonists generally lived in peace with their Dutch and Lenape neighbors. Ensuite, les figures de chacun sont mis en évidence et mis à la vie avec riche pure 24K Gold (ce travail dor est fait à la main). Depending on the county, the executive and legislative functions may be performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders or split into separate branches of government. The best soils are located on the Inner Coastal Plain and on the Piedmont and in valleys in the New England section south of the last glacial advance. Later James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River that would become New Jersey to two friends who had been loyal to him through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. Tous les Américains fabriqués Chacunde de ces New Un-circulated New Jersey Statehood pièces de quart est dabord couches en argent brillant pur. Secretary of Education Rick Rosenberg, appointed by Governor Jon Corzine, created the Education Advancement Initiative (EAI) to increase college admission rates by 10% for New Jersey's high school students, decrease dropout rates by 15%, and increase the amount of money devoted to schools by 10%. Le 20 novembre 1789, le New Jersey fut le premier État à ratifier le Bill of Rights. senators. Residents who could leave, fled to the suburbs following the riots. All but one county in New Jersey lie within the combined statistical areas of New York City or Philadelphia. [102], In 2010, 6.2% of its population was reported as under age 5, 23.5% under 18, and 13.5% were 65 or older; and females made up approximately 51.3% of the population.

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